show suggested ACTIVITIES
for Timor-Leste

Timor-Leste met the criteria for graduation in 2015, 2018 and 2021.  The Committee for Development Policy (CDP) deferred its decision on a recommendation to 2024.

Reports and resolutions


ESCAP working paper: Timor-Leste to Graduate from LDC Category and Beyond Through Structural Transformation and Economic Diversification (April 2021)

Timor-Leste meets the income per capita threshold and the human assets index thresholds. * Data below are from the 2018 triennial review. Data for the 2021 review will be published shortly.

Gross national income (GNI) per capita*

Value: $ 2,656


Inclusion: $ 1,025
Graduation: $ 1,230
Income-only: $ 2,460

Human assets index (HAI)*

Value: 66.6


Inclusion: 62 or below
Graduation: 66 or above

HAI indicators*

Under-five mortality rate
Value: 49.7
Index: 75.9
Source: UN IAG for Child Mortality Estimation
Gross secondary school enrolment ratio
Value: 76.8
Index: 74.2
Source: UNESCO
Percentage of population undernourished
Value: 26.9
Index: 63.5
Source: FAO
Adult literacy rate
Value: 58.3
Index: 44.4
Source: UNESCO
Maternal mortality rate
Value: 215
Index: 82.5
Source: UN IAG for Maternal Mortality

Economic vulnerability index (EVI)*

Value: 56.8


Inclusion: 36 or above
Graduation: 32 or below

EVI indicators*

Value: 1,268,671
Index: 67.2
Source: UN/DESA, Population Division
Share of population in low elevated coastal zones
Value: 0.9
Index: 2.7
Source: CIESIN
Value: 65.0
Index: 68.7
Source: CDP
Instability of exports of goods and services
Value: 46.0
Index: 100.0
Source: UN/DESA, Statistics Division
Merchandise export concentration
Value: 0.59
Index: 57.3
Source: UNCTAD
Victims of natural disasters
Value: 0.547
Index: 61.8
Source: EM-DAT
Share of agriculture, forestry and fishing in GDP
Value: 7.7
Index: 11.4
Source: UN/DESA, Statistics Division
Instability of agricultural production
Value: 5.2
Index: 19.7
Source: FAO