Sao Tome and Principe will graduate in 2024

show suggested ACTIVITIES
for Sao Tome and Principe

In 2018 the Committee for Development Policy recommended Sao Tome and Principe for graduation after it met the criteria at a second consecutive triennial review. ECOSOC endorsed the recommendation and in response to a request from government, postponed graduation until 2024.

Sao Tome and Principe meets the income per capita and human assets thresholds, but not the economic vulnerability criteria, as shown in the diagrams below.

Gross national income (GNI) per capita*

Value: $ 1,684


Inclusion: $ 1,025
Graduation: $ 1,230
Income-only: $ 2,460

Human assets index (HAI)*

Value: 86.0


Inclusion: 62 or below
Graduation: 66 or above

HAI indicators*

Under-five mortality rate
Value: 33.8
Index: 85.6
Source: UN IAG for Child Mortality Estimation
Gross secondary school enrolment ratio
Value: 86.2
Index: 84.7
Source: UNESCO
Percentage of population undernourished
Value: 13.5
Index: 85.8
Source: FAO
Adult literacy rate
Value: 90.1
Index: 86.9
Source: UNESCO
Maternal mortality rate
Value: 156
Index: 87.4
Source: UN IAG for Maternal Mortality

Economic vulnerability index (EVI)*

Value: 41.2


Inclusion: 36 or above
Graduation: 32 or below

EVI indicators*

Value: 199,910
Index: 95.6
Source: UN/DESA, Population Division
Share of population in low elevated coastal zones
Value: 21.8
Index: 62.4
Source: CIESIN
Value: 52.5
Index: 53.2
Source: CDP
Instability of exports of goods and services
Value: 14.1
Index: 30.4
Source: UN/DESA, Statistics Division
Merchandise export concentration
Value: 0.59
Index: 58.0
Source: UNCTAD
Victims of natural disasters
Value: 0.0
Index: 0.0
Source: EM-DAT
Share of agriculture, forestry and fishing in GDP
Value: 11.8
Index: 18.3
Source: UN/DESA, Statistics Division
Instability of agricultural production
Value: 5.2
Index: 19.8
Source: FAO