Bhutan will graduate in 2023

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for Bhutan

In 2018 Bhutan met the LDC graduation criteria at a second consecutive triennial review of the Committee for Development Policy. ECOSOC endorsed the government’s request for graduation to take place in 2023, to coincide with the end of the country’s twelfth national development plan.

Bhutan's standing against the three LDC graduation criteria is shown below, along with the data for each indicator.

Gross national income (GNI) per capita*

Value: $ 2,401


Inclusion: $ 1,025
Graduation: $ 1,230
Income-only: $ 2,460

Human assets index (HAI)*

Value: 72.9


Inclusion: 62 or below
Graduation: 66 or above

HAI indicators*

Under-five mortality rate
Value: 32.4
Index: 86.4
Source: UN IAG for Child Mortality Estimation
Gross secondary school enrolment ratio
Value: 84.2
Index: 82.4
Source: UNESCO
Percentage of population undernourished
Value: 20.0
Index: 75.0
Source: FAO
Adult literacy rate
Value: 57.0
Index: 42.7
Source: UNESCO
Maternal mortality rate
Value: 148.0
Index: 88.0
Source: UN IAG for Maternal Mortality

Economic vulnerability index (EVI)*

Value: 36.3


Inclusion: 36 or above
Graduation: 32 or below

EVI indicators*

Value: 797,765
Index: 74.3
Source: UN/DESA, Population Division
Share of population in low elevated coastal zones
Value: 0.0
Index: 0.0
Source: CIESIN
Value: 51.8
Index: 52.3
Source: CDP
Instability of exports of goods and services
Value: 12.6
Index: 25.3
Source: UN/DESA, Statistics Division
Merchandise export concentration
Value: 0.37
Index: 31.2
Source: UNCTAD
Victims of natural disasters
Value: 0.146
Index: 44.4
Source: EM-DAT
Share of agriculture, forestry and fishing in GDP
Value: 17.5
Index: 28.9
Source: UN/DESA, Statistics Division
Instability of agricultural production
Value: 8.7
Index: 38.9
Source: FAO